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Sports Traumatology

Sports Traumatology is a branch of medicine that focuses on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of sports-related injuries .

Sports injuries can happen suddenly, due to overtraining, not training properly, bad technique, wearing inappropriate clothing and lack of physical condition, among other causes.

The treatments used allow the person to return to their usual training routine as soon as possible and in the best conditions.

What is the difference between traditional orthopedics and sports trauma?

Sports trauma specifically focuses on athletes and injuries that arise in sports, taking into account the needs of the athlete, whereas traditional trauma treats general injuries to the locomotor system.

This type of specialist has a deep knowledge of different types of sports and understands the different situations that the athlete may have. They not only have physical knowledge, doctors, physiological of the human body, they are also capable of treating different sports injuries (for training, seasonal changes, competition expectations, among others), as well as other reasons for injury.

Sports Traumatology in Bogotá

Las lesiones más frecuentes en la medicina deportiva

Las lesiones más comunes son:

  • Esguince de tobillo.
  • Desgarros musculares.
  • Tendinitis y tendinopatías (codo de tenista, codo de golfista, rotura del tendón de Aquiles).
  • Lesiones de rodilla (fractura de menisco o daño del ligamento cruzado anterior o cruzado posterior) y lesiones de cartílago.
  • Lesiones de hombro (luxación y tendinopatía), entre otras.

Tratamientos de medicina deportiva

El tratamiento correcto en medicina deportiva siempre se basará en el historial médico de cada jugador, que debe incluir antecedentes familiares y personales, antecedentes de lesiones, antecedentes quirúrgicos y problemas ortopédicos.

Se incluirá la información recopilada en un examen de admisión deportiva, este evaluará la información postural, el músculo esquelético, las articulaciones, los ligamentos y la condición física, también se incluirán los factores de riesgo para las posibles lesiones según el deporte.

Algunos de los tratamientos dentro de esta especialidad incluyen:

La técnica de electrólisis galvánica guiada por ultrasonido , comúnmente conocida como USGET, es una técnica médica y de fisioterapia innovadora que permite el tratamiento preciso de tendones, músculos o ligamentos lesionados, tratando con éxito lesiones deportivas como:

  • Tendinitis de Aquiles
  • Tendinitis rotuliana
  • Pubalgia
  • Epicondilitis (codo de tenis y golfista)
  • Tendinitis del manguito rotador (supraespinoso)
  • Fascitis plantar
  • Trocanteritis
  • Síndrome de la banda iliotibial
  • Desgarros musculares (isquiotibiales, bíceps femorales, pantorrilla y sóleo, entre otros)

El plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) es un tratamiento altamente eficaz para estimular la cicatrización, la regeneración y la curación de los tejidos dañados, como:

  • Roturas de tendones
  • Tendinopatías crónicas
  • Lesiones de ligamentos
  • Lesiones musculares
  • Lesión focal del cartílago
  • Osteoartritis

Ácido hialurónico : las inyecciones de ácido hialurónico pueden reducir el dolor y reactivar la función articular gracias al efecto lubricante, mecánico y bioquímico del tratamiento. Las áreas más comunes a tratar son:

  • Rodillas (articulación que más a menudo recibe este tratamiento)
  • Tobillos
  • Caderas
  • Espalda
  • Las manos

as lesiones por traumatismo deportivo requieren atención y tratamiento de alta calidad por parte de especialistas médicos. Los proveedores de MaineHealth aportan un amplio conocimiento y experiencia para brindar atención especializada a pacientes con traumatismos deportivos.

¿Qué es el cuidado del trauma deportivo?

El cuidado del trauma deportivo se usa para diagnosticar y tratar una variedad de lesiones relacionadas con el deporte. Las lesiones por traumatismo deportivo ocurren durante el deporte y la actividad física. También se les conoce como lesiones del sistema musculoesquelético. Algunas de las lesiones por trauma deportivo más comunes incluyen:

  • Esguinces

  • Torceduras

  • Férulas de espinilla

  • Tendinitis de Aquiles

  • Fracturas de hueso

  • Dislocación articular

  • Lesión de rodilla

  • Codo de tenista

  • Tirón de la ingle

Tratamiento de trauma deportivo

El tratamiento de las lesiones por traumatismo deportivo depende de la parte del cuerpo lesionada y de la extensión de la lesión. Esos servicios incluyen atención para lesiones de la columna vertebral, musculares y deportivas para niños, adolescentes y adultos.

Su proveedor de atención médica o un médico especializado completará una evaluación completa y creará un plan de tratamiento específico para su lesión. Algunos planes de tratamiento pueden incluir:

  • ARROZ- Descanso, Hielo, Compresión, Elevación

  • Medicamentos, como analgésicos o en lesiones graves, analgésicos.

  • Tecnología médica avanzada y cuidados de apoyo

  • Inyecciones de tejidos blandos

  • Cirugía en casos severos

  • Programas de rehabilitación y entrenamiento para restaurar la fuerza y ​​la flexibilidad.

Sports Traumatology bogota
Sports Traumatology

Sports Traumatology in Colombia

Increased participation and intensity of training in sports and physical activity has resulted in an increasing number of injuries, as well as the recognition of injuries “new”.

Improved diagnostic techniques such as MRI, computed tomography, scintigraphy and ultrasound have proven to be valuable in the diagnosis of injuries especially of soft tissues. Currently, surgery is generally accepted as the treatment of choice for ACL injuries in the workforce. Arthroscopic reconstruction using the bone-patellar tendon-bone graft is considered the “gold standard”.

Alternative grafts such as semitendinosus and gracilis can also be used.. The use of artificial ligaments and allografts is still experimental.

Most posterior cruciate ligament injuries are treated conservatively today, like ankle ligament injuries. There is still no definitive solution on how to treat articular cartilage injuries., although interest is focusing on cartilage rejuvenation.

Tendon overuse injuries often become chronic and are later associated with persistent structural alteration. Chronic overuse injuries are characterized by not developing adequate scar tissue restoration. The reason for this delay in healing is not yet clear..

Treatment of these injuries includes, currently, early strength and stretching training, but the main concepts remain controversial due to lack of scientific evidence.

Our understanding of shoulder injuries in athletes has developed enormously in recent years.. The use of arthroscopy when performing subacromial decompression and labral tear surgery has allowed more athletes to return to sports early than before.

Laboratory studies have increased our understanding of muscle injuries and show the importance of early mobilization. Prevention will be an important topic for research in the next decade. In the author's opinion, in the next decade, sports traumatology will play a prominent role in orthopedic and sports medicine research.

The sports trauma specialist understands each situation that athletes go through and has the knowledge to address each problem in the best way and at the stage that is necessary. (training, competencies, etc.) in addition to improving the state of your health in general.

Some of the treatments that are carried out are:

    • Ecoguided Electrolysis: Allows working with tendons, injured muscles or ligaments. Some of the injuries it treats include: Achilles tendonitis, patellar tendinitis, pubalgia, among other.

    • Platelet rich plasma: Stimulates healing, regeneration and healing of the injured tissues. Some of them are: Tendon tears, ligament injuries, muscle injuries, among others.

  • Hyaluronic acid: With this type of injections, pain is reduced and the functioning of the joints improves..Some areas that receive this treatment are: Knees, ankles, hips, among other.

Sports Traumatology Procedure

Injuries that occur in sports activities are known as sports trauma. The field that deals with sports trauma is known as sports trauma..

These injuries basically include bruises, strains, sprains, wounds, bone fractures, head injuries and spinal cord injuries. A magazine is a periodical publication intended to promote the progress of science, generally reporting on new research.

Sports activity is a big part of our lives. Sport is part of a healthy lifestyle and strengthens the body and mind. Unfortunately, sports are often accompanied by accidents or physical discomfort that occur directly due to or as a consequence of sports activities.

In many sports (for example, ski), enormous energies accumulate, leading to loss of control and trauma if you lose concentration for a moment. But even low-energy sports can, over time, cause permanent damage to the joints, ligaments and bones.

Different sports are associated with a variable frequency of injuries. The injury pattern can also vary significantly between sports.. Most sports can cause acute and chronic discomfort (permanent). Athletes with joint injuries often seek treatment in sports trauma.

The most common reasons for consulting a sports trauma specialist are sports injuries in the leg area (70%). But the area of ​​the shoulders and arms also often causes discomfort (20%). Fortunately, accidents involving the spine and head are rare.

Common sports injuries in sports trauma:

Knee

  • Knee injuries
  • Cruciate ligament tear
  • Meniscus tear
  • Injuries to the tendons of the knee joint.
  • Patella luxation
  • Knee osteoarthritis

Shoulder

  • Shoulder injuries
  • Shoulder dislocation
  • Shoulder instability
  • Rotator cuff tear

Ankle joint

  • Torn ligament
  • Achilles tendon rupture

How does sports trauma treatment work??

Every sports injury, either acute or chronic, should be examined in detail before starting therapy. Diagnostic measures include a detailed consultation, a complete physical exam and various imaging procedures. Ultrasound, arthroscopy, X-rays and MRI can be helpful in obtaining an accurate image of the condition of the bones and joints.

At first, all injuries are treated as non-traumatic as possible. If conservative measures like bandages, protection, inserts, analgesics, anti-inflammatory, etc., are not enough, surgical treatment may also be necessary. The minimally invasive joint surgery method is particularly helpful here. With a camera and special instruments, sports doctor can operate joint damage without large incisions.

For chronic injuries, injury from overuse or pain, shock wave therapy method can also be used. Ultrasound waves are used to stimulate blood circulation and bone-forming cells. Many sports injuries, like shoulder pain, tennis elbow, muscle tension and fractures that heal poorly, can be treated on an outpatient basis by the sports traumatologist.

Prognosis after sports injuries

Minimally invasive surgery for joint damage today offers a gentle method of surgical treatment. Allows lower risks of injury and better chances of recovery.

Nevertheless, sports rehabilitation is a fundamental part of treatment. This is the only way to guarantee the best and fastest possible regeneration.. Aftercare includes specific exams, physiotherapy, an adjustment of sporting behavior for a specified period and, if required, a stay at a sports rehab clinic.

Depending on the trauma and its consequences, it may take several months for full recovery to be achieved (complete physical condition), since bones and ligaments need time to become fully resistant again.

Orthopedic Surgery and Knee Traumatology bogota

Sports Traumatology

On the sport, injuries are very common, and to be able to return to physical activities as soon as possible, it is necessary to be evaluated and diagnosed by a professional in the area, better known as a sports traumatologist.

Sports trauma is a branch of trauma that prevents, diagnoses and treats injuries that are caused during sports, looking at all times for the athlete to return to their activities in a short period of time. What makes sports trauma different from the classic, is that the sports one focuses on the needs of the athletes while the classic treats the locomotor system in a general way.

Around the 96% of sports injuries do not require surgical treatment

Athletes cannot go too long without exercising, This is why treatments seek to heal injuries, but without losing physical condition, muscular tone, among others. This allows them to return to their training or competitions in the best conditions..

Some of the most frequent injuries in athletes are:

  • Ankle sprain
  • Muscle tear
  • Tendinitis and tendinopathies (tennis elbow, golf elbow, Achilles tendon tears)
  • Knee injuries (meniscal and anterior or posterior cruciate ligament tears), cartilage injuries.
  • Shoulder injuries (dislocation and tendinopathies), among other.

Frequently Asked Questions about: Sports Traumatology

Common Questions and Answers about Sports Traumatology

Sports trauma is a branch of trauma that deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of injuries that occur during sports practice, in addition to trying to provide the early reincorporation of the athlete to their usual practice.

Sports injuries can occur violently, due to overuse or training defects, technical deficiencies, incorrect use of clothing, fitness deficit, among other causes.

The most frequent injuries are:

  • Ankle sprain.
  • Muscle tears.
  • Tendinitis and tendinopathies (tennis elbow, golf elbow, Achilles tendon tears).
  • Knee injuries (meniscal and anterior or posterior cruciate ligament tears), cartilage injuries.
  • Shoulder injuries (dislocation and tendinopathies), among other.

The correct treatment in sports trauma is based on the preparation of a medical history of each player that includes both family and personal health history, such as a history of injuries or surgical interventions and orthopedic aspects. To these data, those obtained by taking a sports admission exam that assesses postural aspects must be added, skeletal muscle, articular, ligaments, physical fitness, etc. and risk factors for the appearance of injuries according to sport.

Some of the treatments performed in this specialty are:

  • Ecoguided Electrolysis, known as USGET or EPI, is a highly innovative method of medicine and physiotherapy that allows to precisely affect tendons, injured muscles or ligaments, effectively treating sports injuries such as:
    • Achilles tendonitis
    • Patellar tendonitis
    • Pubalgia
    • Epicondilitis
    • Rotator cuff tendonitis (supraspinatus)
    • Plantar fasciitis
    • Trocanteritis
    • Iliotibial cintilla syndrome
    • Muscle tears (hamstrings, biceps femoral, Twins, soleo…)
  • Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a highly effective treatment to stimulate healing, regeneration and healing of damaged tissues, such as:
    • Tendon tears.
    • Chronic tendinopathies.
    • Ligament injuries.
    • Muscle injuries.
    • Focal cartilage lesions.
    • Osteoarthritis.
  • Hyaluronic acid: Hyaluronic acid injections reduce pain and reactivate the functionality of the joints thanks to the lubricating effect, mechanical and biochemical treatment. The most common areas to treat are:
    • Knees (is the joint that most frequently receives this treatment)
    • Ankles
    • Hips
    • Shoulders
    • Hands

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I broke my left rotator cuff while falling. I tried to put up with it for almost a year with medications, physical therapy and basically it didn't help . I was scheduled for surgery elsewhere. I did not like the atmosphere, so I looked for another opinion. I am happy to have done it !! all nursing staff, ambulatory surgical units, postoperative care and now the final results: I have no pain I have a full range of motion, I have strength and continue to develop it while following a very detailed therapy regimen. I can only recommend Dr.. Danilo Velandia and elite staff, professional, personal, warm and friendly.

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Camila cardenas Orthopedics and Traumatology Patient

I am so impressed and grateful for the care that Dr.. Danilo, that every time I get a chance to give a positive review, I can not resist! The level of care he provides far exceeds that of any other doctor I have ever seen. I am so impressed. He patiently explained every detail of the treatment plan for my broken Knee to me and really took the time to listen and answer all the questions I had.. If I ever have to refer someone I know to an orthopedic surgeon, I will insist that they see Dr.. Danilo Velandia. There is no one else I would turn to if I needed one again. Thank you Dr. Danilo for the great care you have given me!

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Raul CespedesOrthopedics and Traumatology Patient

I have seen Dr.. Danilo Velandia a couple of times in Bogotá and I'll be back, it's been great so far. No pressure to rush to surgery, great advantage. Gives good information and options from the first day to the surgery process. All staff are friendly and helpful highly qualified, He has been the most proactive and helpful medical person I have dealt with and I am really very happy. Your diligence has made sure you get the help you need, and it even helped me avoid forgetting things. Thank you very much indeed! I am very happy with my visits with him. Highly recommended Dr. Danilo Velandia and his team of professionals!

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Pedro Mutis Orthopedics and Traumatology Patient

My experience as a patient of Dr.. Daniel has been extremely positive. Performed surgery on my right shoulder, completely relieving my symptoms. He patiently listened to my concerns, answered my many questions and provided insightful information, but not too technical. The doctor. Danilo made himself available both before and after my surgery to address my pre-surgery nerves and my post-surgery expectations.. He was always professional, patient and attentive. I feel very lucky that when I could no longer suffer with the symptoms, my husband, who recommended me to Dr.. Danilo Velandia.

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Maria lopezOrthopedics and Traumatology Patient

After playing competitive soccer for several years, I broke my anterior cruciate ligament and meniscus. I was very nervous about the long process of surgery and recovery really is a life changing process, I thought I would lose everything since sport is my life and my passion, but Dr.. Danilo Velandia was very helpful, informative and reassuring, he really knew how to handle the situation. My surgery went smoothly and my recovery went according to plan. The doctor. Danilo was present every step of the way and showed his medical competence, as well as his natural compassion, Thank you very much and very grateful, I have been able to continue with my day to day.

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